Download E-books Salvador PDF

By Joan Didion

"Terror is the given of the place." where is El Salvador in 1982, on the ghastly peak of its civil struggle. the author is Joan Didion, who promises an anatomy of that country's specific model of terror–its mechanisms, rationales, and intimate relation to usa overseas policy.As ash travels from battlefields to physique dumps, interviews a puppet president, and considers the rather Salvadoran grammar of the verb "to disappear," Didion offers us a e-book that's germane to any state during which bloodshed has turn into a regular software of politics.

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Download E-books The Secret History of Freemasonry: Its Origins and Connection to the Knights Templar PDF

By Paul Naudon

Explores the hidden historical past of Freemasonry from historical Rome, throughout the heart a while, to the present

• exhibits the shut connection among medieval masons and the Knights Templar

• Illustrates the sacred nature of Roman and medieval alternate associations

• finds the lacking hyperlink that connects the motels of contemporary Freemasonry to the medieval brotherhoods of builders

Historians frequently make a pointy contrast among the operative Masonry of the center a while and the speculative Masonry of recent instances, emphasizing that there's no direct bridge connecting the 2. smooth historians even have scoffed at Masonic claims in regards to the shut courting among the inn and the Temple. utilizing medieval records housed all through Europe, historian Paul Naudon unearths that there has been in reality a really intimate connection among the Masons and the Knights Templar. Church documents of medieval Paris exhibit that almost all, if now not all, the Masons of that point have been citizens of the Templar censive, which allowed them to get pleasure from nice exemptions and liberties from either church and nation due to the safeguard afforded them via this robust order.

Naudon exhibits that the origins of Freemasonry will be traced again to the collegia of old Rome. He strains the evolution of agencies comparable to the Comacine Masters, the Arab turuqs, and the brotherhoods of developers created less than the aegis of the Benedictines and the Knights Templar, all of which offer the motor vehicle for the transmission of a sacred culture from pre-Christian occasions to the fashionable period. this practice is the resource of Masonic ritual and symbolism, and it presents the lacking hyperlink within the transformation of the operative Masonry of the medieval cathedral developers to the religious rules of contemporary speculative Masonry.

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Download E-books Winter King: Henry VII and the Dawn of Tudor England PDF

By Thomas Penn

A clean examine the ceaselessly interesting Tudors—the dramatic and neglected tale of Henry VII and his founding of the Tudor Dynasty—filled with spies, plots, counterplots, and an uneasy royal succession to Henry VIII.

IN 1501, ENGLAND were RAVAGED for many years via conspiracy, coups, and violence. via success, guile, and ruthlessness, Henry VII, the 1st of the Tudor kings, emerged as ruler—but as a fugitive with a flimsy declare to England’s throne, he remained a usurper and fake king to many, and his carry on strength used to be precarious.

But Henry had a vital asset: his queen and their kids, the dwelling embodiment of his hoped-for dynasty. His marriage to Queen Elizabeth united the homes of Lancaster and York, the opponents that had fought the bloody century-long Wars of the Roses. Now their older son, Arthur, was once approximately to marry a Spanish princess. On a chilly November day sixteen-year-old Catherine of Aragon arrived in London for a marriage that may mark a triumphal second in Henry’s reign. yet Henry’s plans for his son wouldn't happen—and ready within the wings used to be the impetuous more youthful brother, the longer term Henry VIII.

Rich with drama and perception, Winter King is an remarkable tale of pageantry, treachery, intrigue, and incident—and the fraught, harmful delivery of Tudor England.

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Download E-books Reveille in Washington, 1860–1865 PDF

By Margaret Leech

1860: the yankee capital is sprawling, fractured, squalid, coloured via patriotism and treason, and deeply divided alongside the political traces that may quickly embroil the country in bloody clash. Chaotic and corrupt, the younger urban is populated by means of bellicose congressmen, accomplice
conspirators, and enterprising prostitutes. infantrymen of a volunteer military swing from the dome of the Capitol, assassins stalk the avenues, and Abraham Lincoln struggles to justify his presidency because the Union heads to warfare.

Reveille in Washington makes a speciality of the standard politics and preoccupations of Washington throughout the Civil conflict. From the stench of corpse-littered streets to the plunging lace on Mary Lincoln’s night robes, Margaret Leech illuminates town and its favourite figures—among them Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, William Seward, and Mary Surratt—in intimate and interesting element.

Leech’s e-book is still well known as either a magnificent feat of scholarship and an uncommonly engrossing paintings of heritage.

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Download E-books Rebuilding the Royal Navy: Warship Design Since 1945 PDF

By D. K. Brown

This layout heritage of postwar British warship improvement, in response to either declassified documentation and private event, is the fourth and ultimate quantity within the author’s masterly account of improvement of Royal Navy’s ships from the 1850s to the Falklands warfare. during this quantity the writer covers the interval during which he himself labored as a Naval undefined, whereas this own wisdom is augmented by way of George Moore’s in-depth archival examine on lately declassified material.

The RN fleet in 1945 used to be outdated and tired, whereas new threats and applied sciences, and postwar austerity known as for brand new strategies. How designers replied to those unheard of demanding situations is the primary subject matter of this e-book. It covers the bold plans for the conversion or alternative of the larger ships; appears to be like in any respect the hot development, from airplane providers, via destroyers and frigates, to submarines (including nuclear and strategic), to minesweepers and small craft. The authors pay specific recognition to the concepts brought, and analyses the impression of the Falklands War.

At the beginning of the twenty-first century the Royal army continues to be a robust and effective strength with new and a few leading edge sessions, either floor and subsurface, approaching movement. This ebook bargains a desirable perception into how the postwar fleet constructed and tailored to the altering position of the army.

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Download E-books The Lost Gospel: Decoding the Ancient Text that Reveals Jesus' Marriage to Mary the Magdalene PDF

By Simcha Jacobovici

In a startling follow-up to the New York Times bestseller The Jesus relations Tomb, a historic detective tale that unravels a newly translated record jam-packed with startling revelations and engaging element concerning the lifestyles and instances of Jesus.

The useless Sea Scrolls, the Gnostic writings and now The misplaced Gospel, a newly decoded manuscript that uncovers groundbreaking revelations in regards to the lifestyles and occasions of Jesus of Nazareth - a startling follow-up to the New York Times bestseller The Jesus kin Tomb.

Waiting to be rediscovered within the British Library is an historical manuscript of the early Church, copied by means of an nameless monk. The manuscript is a minimum of 1,450 years outdated, probably relationship to the 1st century i.e., Jesus’ lifetime.  And now, The misplaced Gospel presents the 1st ever translation from Syriac into English of this exact record that tells the interior tale of Jesus’ social, family members and political life.

The misplaced Gospel takes the reader on an extraordinary historic experience via a paradigm moving manuscript. What the authors finally notice is as amazing because it is superb: the affirmation of Jesus’ marriage to Mary Magdalene; the names in their teenagers; the towering presence of Mary Magdalene; a formerly unknown plot on Jesus’ lifestyles, thirteen years ahead of the crucifixion; an assassination try out opposed to Mary Magdalene and their little ones; Jesus’ connection to political figures on the optimum point of the Roman Empire; and a spiritual flow that antedates that of Paul―the Church of Mary Magdalene. half historic detective tale, half smooth event The misplaced Gospel unearths secrets and techniques which were hiding in simple sight for millennia.

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Download E-books The Autobiographies of the Haymarket Martyrs PDF

By Phillip S. Foner

The lifestyles tales of 8 working-class militants railroaded to legal or the gallows for the 1886 Haymarket bombing in Chicago. Written from criminal, those debts current a dwelling portrait of the hard work circulate of the time, in addition to the lives and ideas of those opponents for workers' rights.
Index, Annotation, extra Reading/Bibliography.

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Download E-books The Translator's Invisibility: A History of Translation PDF

By Lawrence Venuti

Since booklet over ten years in the past, The Translator’s Invisibility has provoked debate and controversy in the box of translation and turn into a vintage textual content. delivering a desirable account of the historical past of translation from the 17th century to the current day, Venuti exhibits how fluency prevailed over different translation options to form the canon of overseas literatures in English and investigates the cultural results of the receptor values that have been at the same time inscribed and masked in international texts in this interval. the writer locates replacement translation theories and practices in British, American and ecu cultures which objective to speak linguistic and cultural alterations rather than removal them.

In this moment variation of his paintings, Venuti:

  • clarifies and additional develops key phrases and arguments
  • responds to serious statement on his argument
  • incorporates new case reviews that come with: an eighteenth century translation of a French novel through a operating category girl; Richard Burton's arguable translation of the Arabian Nights; modernist poetry translation; translations of Dostoevsky through the bestselling translators Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky; and translated crime fiction
  • updates info at the present country of translation, together with publishing records and translators’ rates.

The Translator’s Invisibility should be crucial analyzing for college students of translation reports in any respect levels.

Lawrence Venuti is Professor of English at Temple collage, Philadelphia. he's a translation theorist and historian in addition to a translator and his contemporary guides comprise: The Scandals of Translation: in the direction of an Ethics of distinction and the interpretation reports Reader, either released by means of Routledge.

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Download E-books Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By Robert C. Allen

Why are a few international locations wealthy and others terrible? In 1500, international source of revenue changes have been small, yet disparities have grown dramatically seeing that Columbus reached the United States. during this Very brief Introduction, Robert C. Allen indicates how the interaction of geography, globalization, technological switch, and financial coverage has decided the wealth and poverty of countries. Allen indicates how the commercial revolution was once Britain's path-breaking reaction to the problem of globalization. Western Europe and North the USA joined Britain to shape a membership of wealthy countries, pursuing 4 polices--creating a countrywide industry through abolishing inner price lists and making an investment in transportation, erecting an exterior tariff to guard their fledgling industries from British pageant, developing banks to stabilize the forex and mobilize family discount rates for funding, and selling mass schooling to organize humans for business paintings. jointly those nations pioneered new applied sciences that experience made them ever richer. a couple of countries--Japan, Soviet Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, and maybe China--have stuck up with the West via artistic responses to the technological problem and with large Push industrialization that has accomplished swift progress via coordinated investment.

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