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Adler, Olympia (189097); W. Wrede and E. Kunze, Bericht iiber die Ausgrabungen in Olympia 1 - five (1944-64); E. Kunze, Olympische Forschungen iff. (1944ft. ). For the lists of victors see L. Moretti, Olympionikai (Rome, 1957). 2A . B. prepare dinner, "Zeus, Jupiter, and the Oak," CR 17 (1903), 268-78, interpreted the ritual as a conflict among the younger and the previous priest-king; he was once through F. M. Cornford in Harrison (1927) 2 19 -2 nine . L. Drees, Der Ursprung der Olympischen Spiele (1962) sees "pre-Doric fertility cults. " 3F. Mezo, Geschiehte der Olympischen Spiele (1930); for a hypercritical account see U. Kahrstedt, "Zu r Geschichte von Elis und Olympia," NGG (1927), 15 7 -7 6 ; cf. F. Jacoby, FGrHist III B: Kommentar 2 2 1-2 eight . 4L. H. Jeffery, The neighborhood Scripts of Archaic Greece (1961), 2 zero -2 1. 5The culture is overdue, harassed, tendentious, and unverifiable; Paus. 6 . 22 . three -4 (destruc tion of Pisa after 588), five. nine. four; Strabo 7 p. 355 (cf. F. Bolte, RE VII A 196-9 7): destruction of Pisa by way of Elis and Sparta after the (Second? ) Messenian battle. at the discus of Iphitos and Lykurgus, see Arist. fr. 533, and cf. F. Jacoby, Apollodors Chronik (1902), 116 n. 30. 12 2 -2 6 . 6On the prohibition opposed to pagan cults see Cod. Theod. XVI. 1 zero . 1 zero - 1 2 (391/92); the Olympic video games happened in 393. ninety four los angeles s t PELOPS AT O LYM PIA sift throughout the archaeological layers than to prepare and overview the literary proof for the cults and gam es at O lym pia, for the following the main diversified traditions have becom e superim posed: pre-Doric and Doric, Pisan and Elean, neighborhood and pan-Hellenic. M oreover, they're usually distorted through neighborhood patriotism or politics or simply because gene alogies have becom e process atized. 7 we will frequently do no m ore than mix these merchandise s that unavoidably belong jointly as a result of their functionality. In so doing, besides the fact that, w e m ust fail to remember the main fam ous starting place m yth of the O lym pic gam es. A lth ou gh the tale of Pelops' abduction of H ippodam eia from her father, O inom aos, within the chariot race and O inom aos' loss of life within the method w as already part of the pseudoHesiodic nice Ehoiai and seemed at the ok yp selos chest approximately 570 B. C. , and even supposing the pedim ental sculpture at the japanese facet of the nice tem ple of Z ecu s depicted the arrangements for this chariot race,8 the m yth in simple terms becam e im portant for O lym pia as soon as chariot-racing had turn into the m ost prestigious and dear game and hence becom e the point of interest of the gam es. H ow ever, in line with the O lym pic victory lists, chariot-racing w as simply brought within the tw enty-fifth O lym piad, that's, in 680 b . c . nine till then, purely victors within the foot-race have been recorded. There are, admittedly, reproductions of w ar chariots am ong the votive choices lengthy prior to 680— as there are in different Greek sanc tuaries as w ell— and maybe even the identify of the w ily charioteer, M yrtilos, will be traced to Hittite roots, w hich could then be on the topic of the advent of the w ar chariot within the m iddle of the second one m illen nium b .