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By Donald Kagan

In the fourth and ultimate quantity of his magisterial background of the Peloponnesian warfare, Donald Kagan examines the interval from the destruction of Athens' Sicilian excursion in September of 413 B.C. to the Athenian give up to Sparta within the spring of 404 B.C. via his learn of this final decade of the struggle, Kagan evaluates the functionality of the Athenian democracy because it confronted its such a lot critical problem. whilst, Kagan assesses Thucydides' interpretation of the explanations for Athens’ defeat and the destruction of the Athenian Empire.

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J. Quinn (Athens and Samos, Lesbos and Cbios [Manchester, 1 ninety eight 1 ], 1 3-23) that the govt. of Samos among 439 and four 1 2 was once an oligarchy during which the dynatoi, or aristocrats, performed the best function. For a cautious and aim dialogue of the facts and the problems, see HCT V, 44-47, 1 five five- 1 fifty six, 257. using the time period aristocrats is justified by way of the time period 1)UV(XToi. 1°8. � I . I derive the deprivation of civic rights from fJ. €TE1)(1)oouv oI1rE (lAAOU , EVOC; . . . . oOO ATHENS RESPONDS fifty seven island . 21 for this reason, the Athenians judged them to be completely belief­ necessary and granted them autonomy. 22 That belief was once vindicated, for the Samian democracy remained dependable to the Athenians during the struggle, even after the Athenian army was once destroyed at Aegospotami. 2 three With Samos safe, the Athenians have been capable of problem the objectives of the still-zealous males of Chios. desirous to extend the variety of rebels, the Chians didn't look forward to major Spartan reduction to reach earlier than relocating forward with this system agreed upon the pre­ vious spring at Corinth . 24 With 13 ships below the Laconian perioikos Deiniadas, they sailed to Lesbos and instantly introduced Methymna into uprising, leaving 4 ships there to lend aid. The others then sailed directly to Mytilene and brought on it, too, to insurgent . while, a land military of Peloponnesians, the sailors from Chal­ cideus' ships who have been left at Chios,25 and the allies from the local marched northward alongside the mainland coast below the command of the Spartan Eualas . 26 beginning most likely from Erythrae, they undergone Clazomenae, Phocaea, and Cyme, it appears bringing these very important towns over to their part. 27 in the meantime, the Spartans had damaged throughout the blockade at Spi­ raeum, with the lack of 4 ships. The survivors refitted at Cenchreae and sailed for Ionia less than the command of Astyochus, the hot navarch despatched to take command of the complete Peloponnesian fleet. 28 He arrived 2IFor Anaea, see HCT V, forty two, 45-46; Quinn, Athens and S�mos, Lesbos and Chios, 1 seventy one nine· 22What accurately was once implied via this furnish is doubtful. might be they got a few judicial privilege (G. E. M. de Ste. Croix, CQ LV N. S. I I [ 1 ninety six 1 ], 272). most likely, they got the proper to strike cash, as J. P. Barron (The Silver cash of Samos [London, 1 1)66] , 1 00- 1 zero 1 ) indicates. The gesture was once most likely of extra mental than useful significance, bespeaking a distinct dating of belief and self belief among the 2 democracies and promising a brand new dating after the battle. a few students attach IG J' one hundred and one (see D. M. Lewis, BSA XLIX [ 1 954], 29-3 1 ) with this furnish of autonomy, however the inscription isn't really dated and is just too fragmentary to be necessary. " Xen. 2. 2 . 6. 2<8 . eight . 2 . "8. 1 7 . 1 ; HCT V , 50. '68 . 2 2 . nHCT V , 50. '"8. 20. 1 . there was enormous debate approximately no matter if at present the navarchy used to be a customary, annual place of work, undertaken and relinquished at particular occasions of the yr. the main influential affirmative argument was once made by means of Beloch (GG 11':2, 261)-289).

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