By Anabel Ford, Ronald Nigh
The normal knowledge says that the devolution of vintage Maya civilization happened simply because its inhabitants grew too huge and dense to be supported through primitive neotropical farming equipment, leading to debilitating famines and internecine struggles. utilizing examine on modern Maya farming concepts and demanding new archaeological learn, Ford and Nigh refute this Malthusian rationalization of occasions in historic principal the United States and posit an intensive substitute concept. The authors-show that historical Maya farmers constructed creative, sustainable wooded area ideas to domesticate a variety of nutrients vegetation (including the staple maize);-examine either modern tropical farming concepts and the archaeological checklist (particularly relating to weather) to arrive their conclusions;-make the argument that those old suggestions, nonetheless in use this present day, can aid major populations over lengthy classes of time.
Read or Download The Maya Forest Garden: Eight Millennia of Sustainable Cultivation of the Tropical Woodlands (New Frontiers in Historical Ecology) PDF
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Additional info for The Maya Forest Garden: Eight Millennia of Sustainable Cultivation of the Tropical Woodlands (New Frontiers in Historical Ecology)
Huber ba’am bax ramón silvestre o cimarrón wild or mountain breadnut Combretaceae Bucida buceras tree L. pukte cacho de toro bullet tree Burseraceae Bursera penicillata (DC. ) Engl. torote copol, aceitillo indian lavender Malpighiaceae tree Byrsonima crassifolia wealthy ex Kunth ch·, chÌ, sacpan, zacpan, shinich nance, nanci, nonce golden spoon Fabaceae Caesalpinia gaumeri Greenm. tree kitin che quebra hacha, rudo del monte, chaparral awl grasp, bastard logwood, peccary wooden, peacock flower Fabaceae Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L. ) Sw. shrub or tree zink-in cansic chook of paradise Fabaceae Caesalpinia yucatanensis Greenm. tree Taa k’in che caramayo bastard billy webb Verbenaceae Callicarpa acuminata Kunth shrub puk’in or tree tree Mexican beautyberry, black beautyberry 192 The Maya wooded area backyard kinfolk Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Calophyllaceae Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. tree baba barí, Santa Maria Santa Maria Caricaceae Carica papaya L. shrub or tree p’ut papaya papaya, manbird papaya Salicaceae Casearia nitida shrub Jacq. or tree ximche, xmaben-che chamiso, chilillo delicate honeytree Fabaceae tree Casimiroa edulis los angeles Llave & Lex. yuy matasano white zapote Fabaceae Cassia atomaria L. shrub or tree xtu-habin Moraceae Cassia grandis L. f. tree bookut, bukut Moraceae Castilla elastica Sessé tree hule, kiikche, hule kikiche, kukche, yaxha Urticaceae Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol. tree k’axixkooch, kooche guarumo trumpet Urticaceae Cecropia peltata L. tree a’kl, ixcoch, cho-otz, k’och yagrumo trumpet tree, shield-leaf pumpwood Meliaceae Cedrela odorata L. tree kulché cedro Mexican cedar Malvaceae tree Ceiba pentandra (L. ) Gaertn. yaxche ceiba ceiba, kapok Cannabaceae Celtis iguanaea shrub (Jacq. ) Sarg. or tree zidz-muc garabato iguana hackberry yellow candle wooden carao pungent toe wild rubber appendix b 193 relations Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Arecaceae Chamaedorea pinnatifrons (Jacq. ) Oerst. palm chib, chemchem, xate, xal-a-cam pacaya, guaya de cerro San Pablo palm Arecaceae Chamaedorea seifrizii Burret palm xate palmera bambu bamboo palm, reed palm Moraceae Chlorophora tinctoria L. Gaud. tree kanklisché mora amarilla fustic tree Clusiaceae Chrysophyllum cainito Brandegee ex Standl. tree zikay, chiceh caimito wild celebrity apple Clusiaceae Clusia flava Jacq. shrub or tree chuunup, matapalo, k’an chuunup memelita strangler fig Euphorbiaceae Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaugh shrub or tree tza chaya chaya, tree spinach Polygonaceae Coccoloba belizensis Standl. shrub or tree bob uva montes, wooden grape papaturro Polygonaceae Coccoloba uvifera L. shrub or tree niiché uva sea grape Arecaceae Coccothrinax readii H. J. Quero palm náaj k’aax miraguano Mexican silver palm Fabaceae Cojoba arborea tree (L. ) Urb. algarrobo Bahaman sibucú Combretaceae Conocarpus erectus L.