By Richard Hunter
Below Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the course of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria turned the intense multicultural capital of the Greek international. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus—at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh—is the one prolonged poetic tribute to this impressive ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, a whole line-by-line observation, and wide introductory reports of the poem's old and literary context, this quantity additionally bargains a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. specifically, the ebook explores the delicate and intricate hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the next flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age.
As the 1st special account of this crucial poem to teach how Theocritus may need drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to prior Greek poetry, this ebook gives specific perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse could have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the hot Hellenistic global. important for its transparent translation and its remark on style, dialect, diction, and historic reference on the subject of Theocritus's Encomium, the publication can be major for what it finds in regards to the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his a number of readerships.
COVER picture: the picture at the entrance conceal of this ebook is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the right kind caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; by means of permission of the Museum of good Arts, Boston).
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Extra info for Theocritus: Encomium of Ptolemy Philadelphus
34. Cf. Heph. Ench. 2. three, mentioning Critias fr. four West. 35. Cf. Cameron 1995, 289–91; Barbantani 1998, 2001. creation / thirteen owns 10000 plethra of land or extra, he thinks that this is often little or no simply because he's conversant in think about the full earth. And whilst humans sing the praises of households, how a person is noble simply because he has seven filthy rich grandfathers, he thinks that such compliment is uninteresting and short-sighted. . . . And whilst humans show pride in twenty-ﬁve generations of ancestors and hint themselves again to Heracles, son of Amphitryon, their pettiness turns out to him absurd . . . (Tht. 174d–75b) Hippothales’ alleged prose works approximately his liked Lysis could be set beside prose encomia of legendary topics, one of those composition that ﬂourished within the fourth century to such an volume that mock encomia of humble gadgets (bees, salt, and so on. ) turned a recognizable sophistic workout. 36 Gorgias concludes his Encomium of Helen, that's a most likely untypical instance of the style, with the recognized phrases “I desired to write this speech (logos) as Helen’s encomium, yet my little game ( paignion),” which turns out to sign no longer purely a identify, but additionally a commonly used placement of the paintings. Taking itself way more heavily than such paignia is Isocrates’ Evagoras (c. 370), which indicates an intensive debt to the encomiastic lyric culture, specially that of Pindar;37 during this essay Isocrates seems to assert an absolute novelty for his project to write down the praises of a lately deceased king: i'm conscious of the di‹culty of what i'm approximately to do, particularly, to eulogize a man’s advantage in prose (ajndro;" ajreth;n dia; lovgwn 36. Cf. Pl. Symp. 177a–b; Arist. Rh. 1. 1366a28–32; Pease 1926. On rhetorical encomium quite often see Fraustadt 1909; Buchheit 1960; Russell and Wilson 1981, xviii–xxxiv; Nightingale 1995, 93–106; Schiappa 1999, 187–90. 37. Cf. Race 1987, 131–55. For Isocrates’ attractiveness of Pindar as a forerunner in encomium cf. Antidosis 166. 14 / advent ejgkwmiavzein). 38 the easiest evidence of this can be the truth that even supposing those that quandary themselves with philosophy adopt to talk on many different topics of the main various style, none of them has ever tried to jot down a composition on the sort of topic as this. (Euag. eight) there are numerous attainable ways to this declare: Isocrates may possibly (broadly) be conversing the reality (i. e. , past prose encomia by way of critical “philosophers” and rhetoricians have been most of the time dedicated to mythic subjects—Heracles, Isocrates’ personal Helen, and the encomia of Eros in Plato’s Symposium— or have been “jokes” [ paignia] similar to the compliment of salt); however, we can give a strict interpretation to the variety of attainable authors to whom Isocrates refers (“those who quandary themselves with philosophy”), therefore leaving open the chance that others had written such speeches. 39 besides the fact that we interpret Isocrates’ self-advertisement, despite the fact that, it truly is transparent already in his Busiris (early fourth century) that the equipment and tropes right to encomium have been a topic for dialogue between expert rhetoricians from a comparatively early date.